“Act of Recognition of Statehood”
The concept “Act of Recognition of Statehood” (hereafter “Act of Recognition”) refers to the action by which one existing state:
Formally acknowledges the political status of another entity as a state; and
Takes upon itself the legal consequences of this recognition under international law in its relations with the new state.
Background – Recognition of Statehood under International Law
In order to accede to the status of a “Sovereign State”, a political entity requires both (See “Accession to Statehood”):
The positive attitudes of existing states, i.e. de jure recognition; and
“Effectiveness” of the new state, i.e. de facto control over its territory and population.
The practice of recognition may be viewed as emanating from two distinct theories: