Consociationalism

Definition

Consociationalism is a form of democracy which seeks to regulate the sharing of power in a state that comprises diverse societies (distinct ethnic, religious, national or linguistic groups), by allocating these groups collective rights. The executive-power sharing is mainly characterized by proportional representation, veto rights and segmental autonomy for minority groups.

In recent years, it has become a major demand of Israeli Arabs.

 

​Background

Consociationalism stands in contrast to the concept of 'majoritarian democracy.' Majoritarian systems call for the integration of minority groups and the distribution of individual rights solely. However, the consociationalist approach consists in accommodating minorities, by granting them collective rights.

 

There are four characteristics of Consociationalism​

  • Executive power-sharing – forming a 'grand coalition' with leaders representing all significant segments of society. The institutional expression of the 'grand coalition' is a multi-party cabinet.​​

  • Mutual Veto – giving groups within a state the right to veto the government's decision-making. It will thus be necessary to reach mutual agreement among all parties in the executive.

  • Proportional Representation – enabling groups to be a part of the state's decision-making and to have their voice heard in the highest instances of policy-making.

  • Segmental Autonomy – giving minority groups the possibility for self-rule within the boundaries of the state.

Rather than having a particular structure, Consociationalism could take different forms in different places, and the division of power between the central government and the autonomous political units varies.

Consociationalism
קראו את הגרסה בעברית
Tags

Two State Solution, Emergency Preparedness, Gulf War, National Security Council, Home-front Command, Legitimacy

2006-04-01

Concept Paper

National Security

Regional Security

Consociationalism stands in contrast to the concept of 'majoritarian democracy.'

Related Content

First Quarterly Report - mapping the Jewish Peoplehood field in Israel

First Quarterly Report - mapping the Jewish Peoplehood field in Israel

We are very proud to present the first quarterly report of the Jewish People Field Mapping System. The report presents data for the first quarter of 2022 (January-March) and further completion of April information. This is the first report produced on the basis of the new mapping system.

We are Hiring!

We are Hiring!

Call for Applicants for Analyst Position at the Reut Institute
DEADLINE FOR SUBMISSION: SUNDAY, MAY 1ST BY 09:30 AM
About

The Red Green Alliance is Coming to America

The Red Green Alliance is Coming to America

The Impact of the Islamo-Leftist Coalition on US Jewry & Foreign Policy, & Israel's National Security