The term 'The Durban Conference' refers to a conference held in Durban, South Africa under the patronage of the UN. The conference was convened to present an international front against racism and xenophobia, but in actuality became a campaign to de-legitimize the State of Israel with the encouragement of various NGO's (Non Governmental Organizations) that took part in the conference.
The Durban conference can be regarded as a phenomenon of basic de-legitimization of the State of Israel – in other words, the convergence of states, movements and organizations not necessarily related to one another around the rejection of the Jewish character of the State of Israel.
The Durban conference (9/01) was originally planned to object to all forms of racism and xenophobia, discuss the origins and aspects of racial discrimination and to examine various methods to eradicate this phenomenon. Present at the conference were official representatives of different states as well as non-governmental organizations who were invited to attend as observers (in accordance with UN Economic and Social Council resolution 1996/13).