Taif Accord

Definition

The Taif Accord (10/89) was concluded under the auspices of the Arab League and signed at a meeting of Lebanese parliamentarians in the city of Taif in Saudi Arabia. The Accord brought about the official end of the Lebanese civil war, reformed the Lebanese political system, and was supposed to define the parameters of the presence of the Syrian Army in Lebanon.

Content of the Accord

The Accord coalesced against the backdrop of 15 years of civil war in Lebanon, during which the various confessional and ethnic groups fought over governmental authority and influence. The goal of the Accord was to re-arrange the power relationships among these groups, to bring an end to foreign influence in Lebanon and to enable rehabilitation of the country.

The Accord was in essence a revision of the “National Covenant” of 1943, which dealt, among other things, with the division of parliamentary seats according to confessional, ethnic and geographical criteria. As a result, the ratio between Muslims and Christians (of various dominations) was 6 to 5 in favor of the Christians. The National Covenant also determined that the President of Lebanon would be a Maronite Christian, the Prime Minister a Sunni Muslim and the head of Parliament a Shi’ite Muslim.

The arrangements in the National Covenant were based upon the 1932 Lebanese census. Since then, due to religious and ethnic issues in Lebanon, no census has been carried out.

Taif Accord
קראו את הגרסה בעברית
Tags

Legitimacy, Emergency Preparedness, Intersectionality, Zionism, National Security Council

2006-04-01

Term

National Security

Regional Security

In spite of the opposition to the Accord by various Lebanese elements, it brought about an end to the Lebanese civil war, together with political reforms that initiated the rehabilitation of the central government.

Related Content

First Quarterly Report - mapping the Jewish Peoplehood field in Israel

First Quarterly Report - mapping the Jewish Peoplehood field in Israel

We are very proud to present the first quarterly report of the Jewish People Field Mapping System. The report presents data for the first quarter of 2022 (January-March) and further completion of April information. This is the first report produced on the basis of the new mapping system.

We are Hiring!

We are Hiring!

Call for Applicants for Analyst Position at the Reut Institute
DEADLINE FOR SUBMISSION: SUNDAY, MAY 1ST BY 09:30 AM
About

The Red Green Alliance is Coming to America

The Red Green Alliance is Coming to America

The Impact of the Islamo-Leftist Coalition on US Jewry & Foreign Policy, & Israel's National Security