The Next Palestinian Government – An Address or a Fig Leaf
Following Hamas' victory, Ismail Haniyeh announced that "Hamas government may include Palestinian experts residing abroad" (Ha'aretz, 2/1/06). Before heading to Egypt, Mahmoud A-Zahar and Khaled Mash'al stressed that Hamas will establish a "Palestinian national unity government" (Al-Hayat, 2/6/06).
Re'ut claims that the nature of the next Palestinian government will affect Israel's political flexibility.
What is the Issue?
In principle, Hamas can establish a government without forming a coalition with Fatah, and assume full power, authority and responsibility over the political, military and economic arenas.
However, since its victory, Hamas keeps raising ideas based on division of authorities with Fatah:
Establishing a "technocrats' government", comprising of personas not affiliated with Hamas.
National unity government including members of Fatah and independent MPs.
PLO as the political address – powers and authorities over the political process will remain within the PLO, which is under Fatah control.
Two State Solution, Partner for Peace, Legitimacy, West Bank, Gaza
Israel & The Palestinians
Hamas' strategy has been to influence the political process through terror, while avoiding responsibility for its actions. Responsibility was deflected onto the Fatah-controlled PA.