This term refers to a Shia-Lebanese movement composed of a military branch, socio-cultural institutions and a political party, whose ideology derives from the Iranian Revolution. Hizbullah's primary objectives include the establishment of an Islamic state within Lebanon and the destruction of Israel.
Hizbullah was founded in 1982 under the influence of the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran and Imam Khomeini. However, the birth of Hizbullah has to be understood in the broader context of the rise of the Lebanese-Shia movement that since the early 70s had been struggling to achieve greater political participation and power within the Lebanese political system.
Hizbullah is organized under a hierarchical structure, and it is headed by the Majlis al-Shura, or Consultative Council, led by Secretary General Hassan Nasrallah, appointed in 1992. Within Lebanon, the organization also recognizes Sheikh Fadlallah, a Shia cleric, as its religious mentor.