Hizbullah

Definition

This term refers to a Shia-Lebanese movement composed of a military branch, socio-cultural institutions and a political party, whose ideology derives from the Iranian Revolution. Hizbullah's primary objectives include the establishment of an Islamic state within Lebanon and the destruction of Israel.

Background

Hizbullah was founded in 1982 under the influence of the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran and Imam Khomeini. However, the birth of Hizbullah has to be understood in the broader context of the rise of the Lebanese-Shia movement that since the early 70s had been struggling to achieve greater political participation and power within the Lebanese political system.

Hizbullah is organized under a hierarchical structure, and it is headed by the Majlis al-Shura, or Consultative Council, led by Secretary General Hassan Nasrallah, appointed in 1992. Within Lebanon, the organization also recognizes Sheikh Fadlallah, a Shia cleric, as its religious mentor.

Tags

Two State Solution, Diaspora Relations, Delegitimization, Partner for Peace, Emergency Management

2006-04-01

Concepts and Terms

National Security

Regional Security

Hizbullah is designated by the US as a Foreign Terrorist Organization, and it is considered as such by both Canada and Israel; but not by the European Union.

Related Content

The New Frontiers of Community Relations

The New Frontiers of Community Relations

Navigating Intersectional Landscapes

Navigating Intersectional Landscapes

Rules for Jewish Community Professionals

Potential Collapse of the Palestinian Authority: Nightmare for Israel, Fantasy for the BDS Movement

Potential Collapse of the Palestinian Authority: Nightmare for Israel, Fantasy for the BDS Movement

Point of View | 83

leapfrog_WHITE.png

©Reut. All rights reserved.

EnglishLOGO.png
Stay Updated